Note: The text shaded below in blue are hyperlinks.


On May 2-4, 2016, Intraspexion co-sponsored the 2016 Institute of the Corporate Legal Operations Consortium (, held in San Francisco, California, and presented the 5 minute video, above.


On September 8, 2016, AI Trends published a second interview with Nick Brestoff. Click on the title to read the article: Why Intraspexion's Use of Deep Learning May Be Deeply Valuable.

On August 22, 2016, AI Trends published an interview with Intraspexion's CEO Nick Brestoff. Click on the title to read the article: Here’s What Happens When a Deep Litigator Understands Deep Learning. (Of 19 articles posted on AI Trends in August 2016, AI Trends reported that this article was the "most viewed.")

On July 20, 2016 in Legaltech News: Intraspexion (spelled as Introspection) was mentioned in "A Call to Legal Tech: AI is Here," an interview with Larry Bridgesmith, CEO of Legal Alignment and an Adjunct Law Professor at Vanderbilt University. He described Intraspexion as being "able to look into an organization's data and find the potential for legal violations before they occur and provide information on how to prevent them from occurring." In mid-September, 2016, Prof. Bridgesmith joined our Team.

Privacy Issue

We are aware that monitoring emails raises a significant privacy issue. In Holmes v. Petrovich Dev. Co., LLC, 191 Cal.App.4th 1047, 1068-69, 119 Cal.Rptr.3d 878 (2011) (Holmes), the California Court of Appeal held that an employee had no expectation of privacy in emails she sent to her attorney from a company computer because the company had a policy against using computers for personal reasons and the policy stated that the company could monitor all emails. Id. at 1068-71, 119 Cal.Rptr.3d 878. The court in Holmes emphasized that the computer used to send the emails "belong[ed] to the [company]," that the company had a policy against using its computers for personal reasons, and that the employee was "aware of and agree[d] to these conditions." Id. at 1068, 119 Cal.Rptr.3d 878; see also id. at 1068-69, 119 Cal.Rptr.3d 878 ("Holmes used her employer's company e-mail account after being warned that it was to be used only for company business, that e-mails were not private, and that the company would randomly and periodically monitor its technology resources to ensure compliance with the policy.").

However, some courts have distinguished Holmes, depending on the facts. Suppose, for example, that employee never reads or agrees to the “no privacy” policy or agrees to the policy but someone in authority undermines the policy by conduct; or that the company knows the employee is using a company device, e.g., a smart phone, for personal purposes, pays to use it, and the company does not enforce the policy. In such cases, Holmes may be held not to apply. See, e.g., Mintz v. Mark Bartelstein & Assoc., Inc., 885 F.Supp.2d 987, 998 (2012).


1. In January 2016, Corporate Counsel published Nick's article, Building A Litigation Risk Profile, Which Could Save Your Company Money.

2. In January 2016, Nick announced in a Corporate Counsel interview that he had formed Intraspexion and had successfully applied Deep Learning to some of the emails in the Enron corpus to find a risk of employment discrimination.

3. In August 2015, Business Expert Press published Preventing Litigation: An Early Warning System to Get Big Value Out of Big Data. Nick Brestoff is the primary author, writing 20 out of 25 chapters. The book was endorsed by Richard Susskind, one the legal profession's most respected thought leaders. All five (5) reader reviews on Amazon have given the book 5 out of 5 stars. Because the copyright is owned by Business Expert Press, we cannot provide you with a link. You can find the book at or at

4. In October 2012, he proposed in this LTN article that technology would soon enable in-house counsel to prevent litigation, not just manage it.


On August 5, 2016, Nick Brestoff presented Intraspexion's business case and proof of concept to the general session of the Sinch LegalTech Conference 2016 in Sydney, Australia.